Have you seen an abundance of worms in your garden? We are tracking these, so please contact Sandra Linnell at 518-828-3346 x106 to report your findings. Look to see if they resemble the worm in the photo. The clitellum or collar goes all the way around the body and is smooth. The worms are very active and have a sheen to them. Look for worm castings around your garden.
The jumping worms alter the structure and chemistry of the soil dramatically, leaving a distinctive grainy soil full of worm castings, and they can damage lawns, landscapes and even the forest understory habitat. People unknowingly spread these worm by using them for bait or transport their egg cocoons on shoes and wheels, in mulch, or via transplanted plants.
Jumping worms reproduce easily. They are asexual (parthenogenetic) and mature in just 60 days, so each year they can have two hatches. The best time to see them is late June and early July. From September until the first hard frost, their population will double and may reach damaging levels.
Research is being done on controlling these worms but nothing has come back with favorable results. What you can try to do is contain their spread by recognizing the worms when you are working in your garden. Don’t transplant mulch, soil or plants to uncontaminated areas. Plant bare root stock or seeds when possible. Do not buy Amynthas worms for composting, vermicomposting, gardening or bait.
If you already have these worms, remove and dispose of them by solarizing them or soaking them in isopropyl (rubbing) alcohol. Another way is to put them in a bucket of alfalfa pellets and they will dry up very quickly and have no odor. Do not put them in the compost pile or garden.
Photo: Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources
The following resources have been compiled by Cornell Cooperative Extension of Columbia and Greene Counties:
Cornell Cooperative Extension Jumping Worms Fact Sheet
National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior Species Spotlight
Invasive Earthworms in the Northeast from The University of Vermont, Plant & Soil Science Department
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources Forest Health Fact Sheet
Jumping Worm: The creepy damaging invasive you don't know from Cool Green Science blog
Jumping Worm Field Guide from Wisconsin
Last updated October 20, 2021