flats of sprouting seeds
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Find out the best dates for starting and setting out your seedlings.

First Planting Dates


Columbia and Greene Counties contain multiple plant hardiness zones from 4-6.  Refer to the Plant Hardiness Zone Map on the left sidebar to find the exact zone for your zip code.  The majority of the properties in both counties, however, fall within zone 5B.  For this zone, the last average frost date is May 14, and the first average fall frost is October 1.  The chart below shows the dates various popular garden vegetables can be planted as seeds, sets or transplants. 

First Seeding & Transplanting Dates for Vegetables in NY

*  Indicates variety is transplanted
(x) Indicates variety may be transplanted or
seeded. If transplanted probably should be later than date given.
(t) Indicates variety may be transplants, sets or seed.

As early as garden may be worked in spring or about  April 15.

After the date of the last average frost in the Hudson and Acra areas (May 14).

After the soil has become warm in spring-June 1.

   Beets
   Broccoli (x)
   Brussels Sprouts (x)
   Cabbage (x)
   Carrots
   Cauliflower (x)
   Celery (x)
   Endive
   Kale
   Kohlrabi
   Leeks
   Lettuce
   Mustard
   Onions (t)
   Parsley
   Peas
   Radish
   Swiss Chard
   Spinach
   Turnips
   Rutabagas

   Beans
   Eggplant*
   Pepper*
   Popcorn
   Potatoes
   Sweet Corn
   Tomatoes*

   Basil
   Cucumber
   Muskmelon*
   Okra*
   Pumpkins*
   Squashes, Summer
   Squashes, Winter*
   Watermelon*

Last updated July 26, 2019